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Breaking Barriers in HIV Prevention Research: Empowering TGD Communities with Rubix LS

two figures with one holding a pride flag speaking on LGBTQI in clinical trials

In the realm of healthcare, transgender and gender-diverse individuals (TGD) have long faced unequal access and treatment, especially when it comes to HIV prevention. Clinical trials, particularly phase III studies, have frequently overlooked the unique needs of TGD individuals. In this article, we shed light on the importance of including TGD individuals in clinical trials, specifically focusing on HIV pharmacologic prevention. Furthermore, we highlight the invaluable role that Rubix LS can play in bridging this gap in healthcare research.

Unlocking TGD Diversity

Before diving into the significance of their inclusion, it's imperative to grasp the terminology used to describe TGD individuals. "TGD" is an all-encompassing term, encompassing those whose gender identity transcends the boundaries of their assigned sex at birth. This diverse group includes transgender women, transgender men, nonbinary individuals, and more. Discrimination against TGD individuals has left them facing disparities in healthcare access and outcomes, especially concerning HIV prevention.

The Weight of HIV on TGD Shoulders

HIV has cast a heavy shadow on TGD individuals, with prevalence rates striking harder among this community, particularly transgender women. The data is stark: transgender women are 66 times more likely to acquire HIV compared to the general population. What exacerbates this issue is the exclusion of TGD individuals from national public health surveillance systems, often due to problems with data collection, terminology, and inclusion.

The Enigma of Hormone Therapy

Hormone therapy, an essential facet of medical care for many TGD individuals, introduces a host of questions about its interactions with HIV prevention strategies like pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Understanding these interactions is pivotal to customizing prevention methods to cater to the distinct needs of TGD individuals.

Bridging the Inclusion Gap

Incorporating TGD individuals into clinical trials is not just an option—it's a necessity. However, the path to achieving this is riddled with historical challenges, including social stigma, systemic discrimination, research mistrust, safety concerns, exploitation fears, and confidentiality issues.

A Beacon of Hope

Amidst these challenges, recent efforts are pushing the boundaries of inclusion. For example, organizations like the HIV Prevention Trials Network ( have launched enriched recruitment strategies to ensure transgender women participate in phase III trials. Example is HPTN 091, which is an ongoing study evaluating integrated HIV prevention, gender-affirming care, and peer support for increasing PrEP use among transgender women in the first-ever trial of its kind.

Inclusive Future Initiatives

For a more inclusive future in clinical trials, there are several crucial steps that researchers and organizations should consider:

  1. Robust Data Collection: Gather comprehensive data on gender identity and hormone therapy regimens to gain insights into their impact on prevention strategies.

  2. Proactive Recruitment: Develop recruitment strategies that recognize TGD individuals' unique HIV risk factors.

  3. Diverse Study Teams: Include TGD community members in research teams to enhance participant engagement and ensure that research is attuned to their experiences.

  4. Trauma-Informed Research: Adopt a trauma-informed approach to minimize stress experienced by TGD participants throughout the research process.

  5. Standardized Data Collection: Implement consistent data collection methods, including anatomic inventories, to accurately identify TGD individuals and their specific healthcare needs.

  6. Guerilla & Community Acceleration Clinical Research: More on this topic soon

The Vital Role of Rubix LS

Rubix LS holds a key position in addressing these challenges. As a healthcare data and research company, Rubix LS can facilitate comprehensive data collection and analysis, shedding light on the healthcare needs of TGD individuals, particularly in the context of HIV prevention. By collaborating with TGD community experts and advocates, Rubix LS can help design and execute clinical trials that are inclusive and sensitive to the specific requirements of transgender and gender-diverse populations.


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